All Cancers

Types of Cancer

Lifetime probability of Developing Cancer:

  • Females: 42% (1 in 2.4)
  • Males: 45% (1 in 2.2)

Cancer in Canada

  • 2 out of 5 Canadians (45% of men and 42% of women) expected to develop cancer
  • 1 out of 4 Canadians (29% of men and 24% of women) expected to die from cancer

63% of Canadians diagnosed with cancer will survive at least 5 years after their diagnosis

New Cases in 2015

  • MALES: 100 500, 41 000 will die
  • FEMALES: 96 400, 37 000 will die

Estimated 196,900 new cases of cancer and 78,000 deaths from cancer in Canada in 2015

Breast, prostate, lung, and colorectal cancer top 4 most newly diagnosed

Based on 2014 estimates:

  • These cancers account for 51% new diagnoses
  • Prostate 24% new cases in men
  • Breast 26% new cases in women
  • Lung 13.5% new cases in both men and women
  • Colorectal 14% new cases in men, 11.5% in women

Cancer in Ontario

In Ontario alone, 28 500 people will die from cancer 76 000 new cases

Cancer statistics for men in Ontario

New cases in 2015:

  • Prostate cancer: 9700
  • Colorectal cancer: 5100
  • Lung cancer: 4600

Lung cancer is leading cause of death

Deaths due to cancer in 2015:

  • Lung cancer: 3700
  • Colorectal cancer: 1850
  • Prostate cancer: 1600

Cancer statistics for women in Ontario

Breast cancer most frequently diagnosed

New cases in 2015:

  • Breast cancer: 9800
  • Lung cancer: 4400
  • Colorectal cancer: 4100

Lung cancer is leading cause of death

Deaths due to cancer in 2015:

  • Lung cancer: 3400
  • Breast cancer: 1900
  • Colorectal cancer: 1500

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Canadian women. 1 in 9 Canadian women are expected to develop breast cancer in their lifetime and 1 in 30 will die from it.

Gynecologic Cancers - Uterine, Cervical, Ovarian and Vulvar Cancer

In 2015:

  • 2796 new cases of ovarian cancer
  • 1446 new cases of cervical cancer

Colon, Rectal and Gastrointestinal, Prostate, Testicular, Bladder, Kidney and Genitourinary Cancer

Colorectal and Gastrointestinal Cancers

In 2015:

Estimated 25 056 Canadians diagnosed with colorectal cancer

  • MALES: 13 970 diagnosed (14% of new cancers), 5084 will die (12.4% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 11 086 diagnosed (11.5% of new cancers), 4255 will die (11.5% of female deaths due to cancer)

Kidney

In 2015:

Estimated 6234 Canadians diagnosed with kidney cancer, 1773 will die

  • MALES: 3920 diagnosed (3.9% of new cancers), 1107 will die (2.7% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 2314 diagnosed (2.4% of new cancers), 666 will die (1.8% of female deaths due to cancer)

Prostate, Testicular, Bladder and Genitourinary

Prostate:

  • 23.9% of new cancer cases (highest)
  • 24020 men will be diagnosed, 4141 will die (10.1% of deaths due to cancer)

Testicular:

  • 1% of new cancer cases
  • 1005 will be diagnosed
  • Out of 12300 new cancer cases in men aged 15 to 29, testicular cancer accounts for 13%

Bladder:

  • MALES:
    • 6131 new cases (6.1% of new cases, 4th highest)
    • 1640 will die (4% of deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES:
    • Estimated 2024 new cases (2.1% of new cases)
    • Estimated 666 will die (around 1.8% of new cases)

Pancreatic Cancer

In 2015:

Estimated 4822 Canadians diagnosed with pancreatic cancer

  • MALES: 2412 diagnosed (2.4% of new cancers), 2296 will die (5.6% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 2410 diagnosed (2.5% of new cancers), 2294 will die (6.2% of female deaths due to cancer)

Head and Neck, Brain, Central Nervous System, Eye, Skin and Melanoma, Endocrine Cancer

Head and Neck

Brain, Central Nervous System, and Eye

In 2015:

Estimated 2962 Canadians diagnosed with brain/CNS cancer

  • MALES: 1709 diagnosed (1.7% of new cancers), 1230 will die (3% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 1253 diagnosed (1.3% of new cancers), 851 will die (2.3% of female deaths due to cancer)

Skin Cancer and Melanoma

In 2015:

  • MALES: 1709 diagnosed (1.7% of new cancers), 1230 will die (3% of male deaths due to cancer))
  • FEMALES: 1253 diagnosed (1.3% of new cancers), 851 will die (2.3% of female deaths due to cancer)

Lymphoma, Leukemia Cancer

Lymphoma

In 2015:

Estimated 985 Canadians diagnosed with Lymphoma cancer

  • MALES: 503 diagnosed (0.5% of new cancers), 1435 will die (3.5% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 482 diagnosed (0.5% of new cancers), 1221 will die (3.3% of female deaths due to cancer)

Leukemia

In 2015:

Estimated 6217 Canadians diagnosed with Leukemia cancer

  • MALES: 3518 diagnosed (3.5% of new cancers), 1558 will die (3.8% of male deaths due to cancer)
  • FEMALES: 2699 diagnosed (2.8% of new cancers), 1147 will die (3.1% of female deaths due to cancer)

Childhood Cancers

Out of 4600 new cases of childhood cancer (under the age of 14), Leukemia accounts for 32%

Lung Cancer, Sarcoma

Lung

In 2015:

Estimated 26582 Canadians diagnosed with lung cancer

  • MALES: 13 568 diagnosed (13.5% of new cancers)
  • FEMALES: 13 014 diagnosed (13.5% of new cancers)

14% new cases of lung cancer between 50 and 69 years of age

Sarcoma

More than half of soft tissue sarcomas begin in the arm or leg. In 2010, 1175 Canadians were diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma.

Supportive Care

The Supportive Care Department at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is an innovative global leader supporting patients and families at all stages of the cancer trajectory. Through clinical care, research, education and international partnerships, we continue to pioneer new approaches for patients and caregivers as they cope with the impact of cancer.

With over 50 specialized staff working with each of The Princess Margaret oncology clinics, the program sees more than 2,000 patients a year. They treat physical and emotional symptoms, such as pain, depression and anxiety, and assist patients and their caregivers in managing the complexities of cancer and treatment. The program supports patients and their caregivers from the time of diagnosis, through survivorship, to the advanced stages of cancer.

Supportive Care aims to pursue continued growth and evolution in its three key areas:

  • Psychosocial Oncology
  • Palliative Care
  • Survivorship and Cancer Rehabilitation

Patient Education

As a global leader in patient education, The Princess Margaret offers programs that encourage and enable people with cancer, their caregivers and their families to become active participants in their cancer care. Providing an environment where patients and families feel safe to learn and ask questions is part of how we do this.

Through hospital-based services and online communities that promote self-management and improved quality of life in the hospital, at home and in the community, we help people, no matter where they are in their cancer experience, get the knowledge, skills and strategies they need to make informed decisions and healthy lifestyle choices—and cope with the many challenges that cancer brings.

We bring our expertise in health communication, adult education and theories of health behaviour change to all our Princess Margaret practitioners, working with them to develop educational resources, including patient-centred curricula, pamphlets and videos.

Our patient support includes:

  • Classes and programs
  • Community Connections
  • Patient & Family Library
  • Online education & support